Court of Cassation
The Egyptian Court of Cassation is the highest court in the Arab Republic of Egypt, and it represents the top of the judicial hierarchy in it, and its mission is to work to unify the application of law in Egyptian courts and clarify the laws and establish the legal principles of each law. It was established in 1932 and is located in the High Court of Justice in Cairo.
The Court of Cassation includes in its formation a number of deputy chief justices of the court and counsellors. Only the finest judicial personnel in Egypt, with competence and reputation, shall be appointed to the Court of Cassation and after presentation to the General Assembly of the Court of Cassation and the approval of the Supreme Judicial Council (Articles 3 and 44 of the Judicial Authority Law).
The Court of Cassation consists of thirty-three circuits, fourteen of which are for the examination of criminal matters and nineteen for the examination of civil and commercial matters, personal status and other matters, and these circuits are headed by either the president of the Court of Cassation or one of his deputies, and when necessary, the most senior Counsellors in them, and each of them consists of a sufficient number of members. That judgments are issued by five of them (Article 3 of the Judicial Authority Law). The General Assembly of the Court of Cassation constitutes of two general bodies, each of eleven counselors headed by the President of the Court of Cassation or one of his deputies, one of them for criminal matters and the other for civil and commercial matters, personal status and others. If a circuit decides to abandon a legal principle decided by previous rulings, it refers the case to one of the two previous bodies, according to the circumstances, for adjudication, and the commission issues its ruling for the dissolution by a majority of at least seven members.
Here you will find the most important provisions and principles laid down by the Egyptian Court of Cassation regarding issues of freedom of Bodily and Sexual freedoms.