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Region Trans Archives

Welcome to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Trans Archives! We are pleased to introduce the first and only open-access database dedicated to transgender rights in the MENA region.


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Research Unit

Our Research Program is dedicated to promoting social justice and empowering marginalized communities in the MENA region.

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Media Unit

We are committed to using media as a catalyst for societal transformation and amplifying the voices of marginalized communities.

Steps Forward After the Abolition of Article 198 in Kuwait

Introduction: In 2007, the Kuwaiti National Assembly amended Article 198 of the Penal Code to criminalise “imitating the opposite sex in any way.” This amendment, proposed by MP Waleed Al-Tabtabaei, a well-known Islamist MP associated with the Salafists, aimed to enforce traditional gender norms. With overwhelming support from the members

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Health Conditions of Sex Workers in Egypt in the Early 20th Century

“Great misfortune. Great disaster in the country. The messenger of diseases… This is the Medical Examination of Prostitutes… If only they didn’t create you, examination, if only your mother, The Health Affairs, didn’t give birth to you in this horrible, distorted image.” We spoke in the previous article about the

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Cairo 52

Cairo 52 Legal Research Institute, the inaugural regional legal institute with a distinctive emphasis on the matters concerning sexual and bodily liberties of marginalized communities.

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To establish a society that possesses a comprehensive understanding of its fundamental, sexual, and bodily human rights.



To effectively communicate legal information clearly and promote human rights and body autonomy, provide legal assistance to marginalized individuals, and create a platform to amplify silenced voices.


Your contribution will help the institute go further empowering people in need of the institute’s services and productions.