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Bahrain has a longstanding history of denying independent human rights researchers and advocates from entering the country, as well as impeding their ability to conduct research within its borders, over the past decade. Prominent organizations such as UN Human Rights Bodies and Amnesty International have also encountered difficulties in gaining access to Bahrain. Consequently, local media outlets often serve as the primary sources of information regarding arrests of transgender individuals, while legal details remain scarce. Despite the lack of clarity in the legal system, there is strong evidence of certain laws being utilized to punish those who do not conform to traditional gender norms. Moreover, reports of discriminatory violence against transgender individuals, both by state and non-state actors, are numerous. Additionally, transgender individuals in Bahrain are deprived of gender-affirming healthcare. While intersex individuals are granted legal permission to undergo medical transitions, transgender individuals consistently face rejection when requesting the same.

De-facto: Bahrain utilizes de facto criminalization as a mechanism to punish individuals for the expression of their transgender identity. Although there is a lack of explicit legal provisions or records of arrests specifically related to individuals detained based on their transgender behavior or appearance, the predominant instances of arrests often centered on alleged homosexual or gender non-conforming activities indicate the application of Article 239, in addition to ambiguous articles within the penal code that criminalize immoral or indecent conduct.

Every person who entices a male or a female to commit acts of immorality or,prostitution or assists in such acts in any manner whatsoever shall he be liable for a prison sentence.